With the future moving toward the commercialisation of autonomous cars, the technologies in this space are quickly advancing. Light detection and ranging (LIDAR), sometimes called laser detection and ranging (LADAR), time of flight (ToF), laser scanners or laser radar, is a sensing method that detects objects and maps their distances.
The technology works by illuminating a target with an optical pulse and measuring the characteristics of the reflected return signal. The width of the optical-pulse can range from a few nanoseconds to several microseconds.
Manufacturers are outfitting modern cars with a wide array of advanced control and sensing functions. Collision warning and avoidance systems, blind-spot monitors, lane-keeping assistance, lane-departure warning, and adaptive cruise control are examples of established features that assist drivers and automate certain driving tasks, making driving a safer and easier experience.
To read the full paper, click here.