The automotive industry is rapidly introducing new technologies as automotive manufacturers seek to provide consumers vehicles with improved convenience, comfort, performance and fuel economy. The most visible technology innovations are often in the vehicle cabin and part of the infotainment system, but there have also been great improvements in automotive powertrains that improve vehicle handling, performance and fuel economy.
Today, one of the most common powertrain choices consumers will need to make is whether to purchase a vehicle with a manual or automatic transmission. Driving enthusiasts tend to prefer manual transmissions, but automatic transmissions have become popular due to their convenience. The automatic transmission is a large complex system that requires on-board processing capabilities and needs to remain operational under all driving conditions.
An automatic transmission operates by taking power generated by the vehicle’s engine and channelling it through different gear ratios based on driving demands. The purpose of the various gears is to ensure that the engine’s revolutions per minute (RPM) and torque being supplied to the wheels are matched to the vehicle’s current speed and acceleration. Power from the engine flywheel transfers to the transmission through the torque converter.
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