Looking ahead, there are four high-level themes that will drive innovation in the automotive industry in 2019.
Enhancing the driving experience begins in the driver’s seat where the driver presides over a central command centre, an integrated cockpit.
- A driver can spend as much as 38,000 hours behind the wheel in their lifetime according to Harvard Health Watch. Whether the passenger is driving in the near future or relaxing in a self-driving car in the distant future, the vehicle seats must be comfortable. That’s why all iterations of powered seats will stay relevant in 2019 with customisable features and climate control.
- Consumers are expecting more dynamic interactions with the cockpit. In 2019, look for more gesture control as a next-generation way to manage controls within the digital cockpit.
- As the cockpit evolves so does the acoustic nature of the cabin. Premium audio innovations that shape the sound in the vehicle are more in demand, even in base-model vehicles.
- Selecting the right power topologies will be of even greater importance for the evolution of body control modules that power features of comfort and convenience.
Government regulations worldwide are challenging automakers to reconfigure and reimagine the powertrain to reduce emissions. A glimpse ahead in 2019, we can categorise the trends into on a three-part spectrum.
Within these categories, key trends have emerged:
- More accurate sensors and exhaust-treatment centres will improve the combustion engine process.
- The standard 12V battery is increasingly strained with the load of new electronic components. In response, designers can design a 48V system to add power capacity for starter/generators and traction inverters assisting the combustion engine to reduce emission in mild hybrid vehicles.
- Solutions to manage high-efficient on-board chargers, high-voltage battery systems, DC/DC converters, and improve driving performance of powerful traction inverters in electric vehicles with up to 800V.
- As electric vehicles become more prevalent, there is an increased need for longer range per charge and faster charging; innovations to watch are increasing on-board charging power levels up to 22kW, fast DC charging stations up to 350kW, and wireless charging which is considered to be an enabling technology for autonomous transportation services.
Encompassing more than fully self-driving cars, in 2019, autonomous driving in passenger vehicles will be experienced primarily through driver assistance functionality, features that are designed to mitigate or prevent human error on the road and improve the situational awareness of the driver.
- Camera monitoring systems (CMS) will increasingly encroach on the job of traditional mirrors to expand the driver’s view making smart mirrors more common in new vehicles.
- Sensor fusion combines information from camera, radar and ultrasonic systems to enhance ADAS features.
- Cameras inside the vehicle will continue to make progress by providing driver monitoring to detect head and eye position to determine drowsiness or distraction.
Modern vehicles are as connected to the outside world as the driver is with their smartphone. Smart driving will become the norm with vehicles communicating with the driver, other cars on the road, infrastructure, the cloud and pedestrians, all while giving passengers the constant connection we’ve come to expect.
- Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) innovations will continue to advance and gives drivers, passengers and the car itself greater connection than ever before.
- In 2019, a winner may emerge in the rivalry between Cellular LTE standard driven by 5GAA (C-V2X) and Dedicated Short Range Communication using WiFi IEEE standard, 802.11p (DSRC).
- Smartphones will become increasingly connected to the car overall, but particularly with car access. In 2019, time of flight technology may allow a car to securely recognise its driver.
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